By René Dugas
"A extraordinary paintings on the way to stay a record of the 1st rank for the historian of mechanics." — Louis de Broglie
In this masterful synthesis and summation of the technology of mechanics, Rene Dugas, a number one student and educator on the famed Ecole Polytechnique in Paris, bargains with the evolution of the rules of normal mechanics chronologically from their earliest roots in antiquity in the course of the center a while to the innovative advancements in relativistic mechanics, wave and quantum mechanics of the early twentieth century.
The current quantity is split into 5 elements: the 1st treats of the pioneers within the examine of mechanics, from its beginnings as much as and together with the 16th century; the second one part discusses the formation of classical mechanics, together with the greatly artistic and influential paintings of Galileo, Huygens and Newton. The 3rd half is dedicated to the eighteenth century, within which the association of mechanics reveals its climax within the achievements of Euler, d'Alembert and Lagrange. The fourth half is dedicated to classical mechanics after Lagrange. partially 5, the writer undertakes the relativistic revolutions in quantum and wave mechanics.
Writing with nice readability and sweep of imaginative and prescient, M. Dugas follows heavily the guidelines of the good innovators and the texts in their writings. the result's a very actual and aim account, specifically thorough in its bills of mechanics in antiquity and the center a while, and the real contributions of Jordanus of Nemore, Jean Buridan, Albert of Saxony, Nicole Oresme, Leonardo da Vinci, and lots of different key figures.
Erudite, complete, replete with penetrating insights, A History of Mechanics is an strangely skillful and wide-ranging research that belongs within the library of someone drawn to the historical past of science.
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Additional info for A History of Mechanics
The vertical plane passing through αβ “will cut the body into two parts that are in equilibrium with each other and which will be hung in such a way, on one side of the plane and on the other, as to be equal with respect to their weight. ” Fig. 7 Now suspend the body from a point γ and draw the vertical γδ through the point of suspension when equilibrium is established. Take a second point of suspension γ′ and, in the same way, draw the vertical γ′δ′. The two lines γδ, γ′δ′ necessarily intersect.
And in the Fourteenth Century, the Oxford School, which in other respects indulged in such artificial quibbling, was to clarify the laws of the kinematics of uniformly accelerated motion. The mechanics of the Middle Ages received something of a check during the Renaissance, which caused a return to classical traditions. The Schools were attacked by the humanists. Yet, before Galileo, Dominico Soto successfully formulated the exact laws of heavy bodies even if he did not verify them experimentally.
9 For the rest, the treatise On the Equilibrium of Planes is concerned with the determination of the centres of gravity of particular geometrical figures. After having obtained the centres of gravity of a triangle, a parallelogram and a trapezium, Archimedes determined the centre of gravity of a segment of a parabola by means of an analysis which is a milestone in the history of mathematics (Book II, Proposition VIII). We shall now concern ourselves with Archimedes’ treatise on Floating Bodies.