By Todd Purdum
A best Washington journalist recounts the dramatic political conflict to move the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the legislation that created smooth the US, at the 50th anniversary of its passage
It used to be a turbulent time in America—a time of sit-ins, freedom rides, a March on Washington and a governor status within the schoolhouse door—when John F. Kennedy despatched Congress a invoice to bar racial discrimination in employment, schooling, and public lodgings. numerous civil rights measures had died on Capitol Hill some time past. yet this one used to be diversified simply because, as one influential senator positioned it, it was once “an concept whose time has come.”
In a robust narrative layered with revealing aspect, Todd S. Purdum tells the tale of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, recreating the legislative maneuvering and the larger-than-life characters who made its passage attainable. From the Kennedy brothers to Lyndon Johnson, from Martin Luther King Jr. to Hubert Humphrey and Everett Dirksen, Purdum indicates how those all-too-human figures controlled, in precisely over a 12 months, to create a invoice that triggered the longest filibuster within the historical past of the U.S. Senate but used to be eventually followed with overwhelming bipartisan aid. He conjures up the excessive objective and occasional dealings that marked the construction of this huge legislations, drawing on broad archival examine and dozens of latest interviews that carry to lifestyles this sign fulfillment in American history.
Often hailed because the most vital legislations of the earlier century, the Civil Rights Act stands as a lesson for our personal instances approximately what's attainable whilst endurance, bipartisanship, and decency rule the day.
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Additional info for An Idea Whose Time Has Come: Two Presidents, Two Parties, and the Battle for the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Similarly, if both bride and groom were aware that the celebrant performing their wedding ceremony was not authorized to do so, and merely pretended its performatives, they could not maintain that they had, in fact, married. Hence any purported marriage arising out of such circumstances is null and void ab initio (from the beginning). 34 Conjugality A voidable marriage, however, exists until the point of its being declared null. Thus if an improperly solemnized wedding is never called into question by either party, the marriage is assumed to be valid.
The corporeal nature of the act is spelled out in governmental discourse (and especially in case law) even as it is disavowed or euphemized in public-political commentary. Legal discourse makes it perfectly clear that the main criteria for determining whether a particular sex act counts as adultery are penetration of the vagina by the penis, sexual gratification, and an “element of mutuality” (Joske 1969, 308; see also Chapter 4, this volume). There is nothing abstract or even representational in such provisions: they are firmly and unmistakably corporeal.
As Michele Barrett and Mary McIntosh explain (in their feminist classic, The Anti-Social Family), “In seeing the family as the site of male attempts to control and exploit women, in arguing that heterosexuality and marriage are instruments of male power, feminists have encountered considerable hostility and resistance from women in general” (Barrett and McIntosh 1982, 132). Indeed, if marriage is an utterly and unavoidably patriarchal vortex into which women are sucked thanks to the sparkling allure of romance, married feminists—whose lives might not be significantly different from their sisters living in de facto or even lesbian relationships—might infer that feminism would label them fools.