Download Where Men Are Wives and Mothers Rule: Santeria Ritual by MARY ANN CLARK PDF

By MARY ANN CLARK

While a lot theological pondering assumes a normative male viewpoint, this research demonstrates how our principles of non secular ideals and practices switch within the gentle of gender expertise. Exploring the philosophy and practices of the Orisha traditions (principally the Afro-Cuban spiritual advanced referred to as Santería) as they've got built within the Americas, Clark means that, in contrast to many mainstream religions, those traditions exist inside a female-normative process during which all practitioners are anticipated to take in girl gender roles.
Examining the practices of divination, initiation, ownership trance, sacrifice, and witchcraft in successive chapters, Clark explores the ways that Santería ideals and practices deviate from the ancient assumptions approximately and the conceptual implications of those easy thoughts. After tracing the normal definition of every time period and describing its position in the worldview of Santería, Clark teases out its gender implications to argue for the female-normative nature of the religion. By arguing that gender is a fluid thought inside Santería, Clark means that the traits of being girl shape the appropriate of Santeria spiritual perform for either males and women. In addition, she asserts that the Ifa cult equipped round the male-only priesthood of the babalawo is an self sustaining culture that has been incompletely assimilated into the bigger Santería complex.
Based on box learn performed in numerous Santería groups, Clark’s research presents an in depth review of the Santería and Yoruba conventional ideals and practices. By clarifying quite a lot of feminist- and gender-related subject matters in Cuban Santería, she demanding situations the conventional gendering of the faith and offers an account that would be of important curiosity to scholars of Caribbean reports and African religions, in addition to to students in anthropology, sociology, and gender reports.
 

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Additional resources for Where Men Are Wives and Mothers Rule: Santeria Ritual Practices and Their Gender Implications

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9–10). In Mark Taylor’s Critical Terms for Religious Studies (1998), Daniel Boyarin approaches the subject of gender in the study of religion not through the lens of feminist theory but by exploring the ways in which the category “woman” has been explicated in two religious traditions. Focusing on the creation of humanity in the book of Genesis, he looks at the way early Christian and rabbinic thinkers used this text to formulate their ideas of personhood, gender, and religious and cultural ideals.

I do not pretend to present the definitive or final analysis of these Orisha concepts; rather, what I am presenting is a preliminary analysis of Orisha philosophy. My hope is to provide a foundation upon which other scholars can build. In the following pages I will begin an explication of what I think are among the most essential terms of Santería religious belief: destiny and divination, sacrifice, possession, and witchcraft. I will begin my discussion of Orisha philosophical issues, however, with an analysis of the gender anomalies embedded in Santería, because my analysis suggests that a unique understanding of gender and gender roles underlies much of Santería beliefs and practices.

This idea of worship being a kind of labor appears to have a long history among the Yoruba. ” This seems to be based on the usage he found in the missionary record and is consistent with contemporary usage. The term “s$e òrìs$à,” which means “to make, do, or work the Orisha,” is still used by Yoruba-speaking people in Nigeria to refer to the activities of Orisha worshippers. This emphasis on praxis rather than doxis has several implications for the development of Santería theology. First of all, since santeros are more interested in the work of the Orisha, they tend to emphasize ritual correctness rather than correct belief.

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